Make an Emergency Plan

OVERVIEW

Taking time to plan and prepare, will help you lessen your impact for future emergencies. What do you need to do today?

• Host a conversation with family/ friends/ co-workers.

• Discuss hazards that may impact you and how you can prepare for them.

• Determine whether to shelter-in-place or evacuate.

• Discuss how you will communicate if communication outlets are failing.

• Once your plan is ready, print hard-copies and save them in a safe and easily accessible place. Make sure everyone is familiar with the plan and practices it!

• Also, keep a copy in your emergency kits (shelter-in-place, go bag, and vehicle). You should review and update your plans and emergency kits twice a year: when your clock “falls back” or “springs forward.”

 

THE BASICS

Every emergency plan should address the following fundamental information:

  • Sign up for local alerts – knowing where to get reliable information from when is critical. Register for DRNGh Alerts to receive information about traffic, weather, and other important notifications from your local Districts. Identify a shelter-in-place location in your home or business.  This should be an interior room with few windows.
  • Choose two places to meet in case you have to leave your home or business or are not able to return to your home:  One location should be right outside

            your home (maybe across the street),

            in case of a short-term emergency.

  • The second location should be away from your neighborhood (maybe at a friend’s house), in case you cannot get home or you have to leave your neighborhood.
  • List important supplies and documents.  Create a list of items that you will include in your go bag.  Visit how to “Assemble your Emergency Kits” for more information.
  • Fill out a contact card form to help you keep your important contact information with you at all times.
  • Know your home or business’ utilities.  Document where and how to turn off the water, gas, and electricity safely; know which you can turn back on yourself (electricity: yes, water: if you know how, gas: never).

 

In an emergency, consider texting instead of calling.  A text message may get through when a phone call will not.

Look into online tools such as Facebook Crisis Response, or use Safety Check to connect with friends and loved ones during a crisis.

 

PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS

Emergency management professionals talk about planning assumptions – these are conditions we can’t control during an emergency.  For every emergency plan, you should assume:

Your basic assumption: Prepare to be self-sufficient for three to five days, or longer if there is:

• No power

• No water

• No heating or cooling

• Difficult or inoperable communications,  including: phone (unless you have a copper land-line), Internet, and wifi

• Limited or no access to money using credit cards or ATMs

• Limited or no access to retail, including pharmacies

• No mail or package delivery

• No trash or recycling service

• No outside help

Individuals with Access and Functional Needs

Infants and Young Children

Pets

PRACTICE YOUR PLAN

A plan is only useful if you know it.  Take the time to test and practice your plan, including having drills.  Practice evacuating and sheltering in place.  Studies show that people who have thought about and practiced their emergency plans are much more likely to survive, and to recover more quickly from disasters.

 

DOWNLOAD YOUR EMERGENCY PLANS

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Assemble your Emergency Kits - Make an Emergency Kit

 OVERVIEW

Emergency kits of various types are essential resources in an emergency. These include kits for sheltering-in-place at home, evacuating (variously known as a “go kit,” “go bag,” “grab-and-go-bag,” or “bug-out bag.”

Emergency kits include basic supplies and are tailored to every person’s need. You will need additional supplies if your household has children, seniors, individuals with access and functional needs, or pets. Kits should be kept in a water-resistant container or a sturdy, transportable bag, and stored in locations where they will be both useful and accessible when needed:

• Shelter-in-place emergency supply kit: in a secure location in your home or at work.

• Evacuation go bag: a convenient place for evacuation, like a garage or near your front door.

• Vehicle kit: one in each vehicle.

Remember that your kits’ contents can overlap in a disaster- if you are sheltering at home, you will have access to all of your kits. If you have to evacuate from home, you will only have your vehicle kit and any go bag you can grab. If disaster strikes while you are out, your vehicle kit may be all you have.

We recommends every household keep three to five day’s worth of food, water, and supplies in their shelter-in-place kits for each member of the household.

 

WHAT SHOULD GO INTO YOUR KITS?

Water

Food

Disposable kitchenware

Plastic zipper-lock bags

Weather-appropriate clothes

Blankets or sleeping bags

Items for kids

Toiletries

Soap

Washcloths

Toothpaste

Shampoo

Male and female hygiene products

Toilet paper

Basic survival gear:

Matches

Zip-ties

Duct tape

Multi-tool or pocket knife

Cell phone chargers

GMet Weather Radios

Flashlights

First Aid Kit

Work gear

Important household documents

Cash

Medications

 

MAINTAIN YOUR EMERGENCY KIT(S)

 

After assembling your kit, remember to maintain it so it’s ready when needed.

Check the out-dates on your food and water twice a year: when your clock “falls back” and “springs forward” (when you replace the batteries in your smoke alarms).

Test batteries in flashlights and radios every three months.

Check the expiration dates on medications twice a year.

Re-think your gear needs every season and replace seasonal items such as clothing and shoes (or pack your kit for four-season use); be sure your emergency kits stays age-appropriate to your children as they get older.

 

Stay Informed

 

Getting correct information during an emergency is the key to taking safe action. Someone in your household may not be able to receive, understand, or act on emergency information. Think about what special needs your household may have. Take action now to make sure everyone in your family will be safe in an emergency.

Things to consider…

• Emergency news or weather broadcasts may not be closed captioned (link to emergency blog)

• Information that is shown on screen may not be spoken aloud

• Automated voices and voices over loud speakers may be hard to understand.

• Information comes quickly and the stress of a disaster may make it hard to understand or remember instructions.

• Words moving across the bottom of a television screen may move very quickly.

• The screen color or color of the text might make some information on television hard to read.

 

COMMUNICATION IS KEY

Make sure everyone in your household can communicate during times of emergency or disaster.

The way emergency information is sent out in your community may not work for everyone.  If you don’t speak English well, or if you use an assistive device to speak or hear, make a plan now.  Make sure you can get and give information in an emergency or disaster.

Communities may give information by television or radio, by automated phone call, text messages, email, or by sounding outdoor warning sirens.  Police or fire may use loudspeakers to give information as the drive through the streets.  Responders or volunteers may go door-to-door to talk to people directly.

If you think you may not be able to understand emergency information, identify someone (or more than one person) that you can contact for help in an emergency or disaster.  Have more than one way to get in touch with them.  Keep their contact information with you.

 

EMERGENCY PHONE NUMBERS

Emergency service 112

Police 112,191, 18555

Fire service 112,192

Ambulance 112,193

Coronavirus hotline 112

 

Weather – National Weather Service Updates:

GHANA METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY

 

THE HEAD OFFICE

Address: P.O. Box LG 87, Legon, Accra, GR. Ghana

Telephone: +233 30 701 0019

Information: Email: [email protected], [email protected]

Ghana Meteorological Agency (GMet)

Department of transportation:

Public System

 

Get Involved

Volunteering in Emergency Preparedness

Volunteers throughout the Districts contribute thousands of hours of services annually. It’s far more than doing a good deed, it’s a way to develop skills, learn more about career options, make professional contacts, socialize and, importantly, have an impact on your community. DRNGhana OEM- Office of Emergency Management promotes emergency preparedness and education with the help of volunteers.

Working directly with the DRNGhana MMDAs Office of Emergency Management (OEM) and the District / Municipal Fire, Police, and Health departments, the Districts Citizen Corps Council brings together first responders and other community organizations crucial to emergency preparedness and the development of volunteer opportunities and training to meet community needs.