Ghana, fire incidents have become a regular occurrence, with thousands of lives and millions of dollars lost every year. Hardly a day passes without news of a fire outbreak in some part of Ghana, causing fear and panic among the people. This generates much discussion centering on rumors relating to politics, sabotage, misfortune, religious differences, etc It was noticed that in general the rate of fire incidence increased each year.
This increase was attributed to several factors: rate of population growth and industrialization, unstable electricity, urbanization, negligence, illegal electrical connection, etc. The cause of fire was categorized into domestic, industrial, vehicular, institutional, electrical, commercial, bush, and others. Among these causes, domestic fire accounted for 41% of the total number of fire incidents in the country.
In the Northern regions, wildfire hazard is classified as high. This means that there is greater than a 50% chance of encountering weather that could support a significant wildfire that is likely to result in both life and property loss in any given year.
DRNGhana introduces the Resilient Infrastructure Concept: Impact of wildfire must be considered in all phases of the project, in particular during design and construction. Project planning decisions, project design, construction and emergency response planning methods should take into account the high level of fire hazard.
Note that damage can not only occur due to direct flame and radiation exposure but may also include ember storm and low level surface fire. In extreme fire weather events, strong winds and wind born debris may weaken the integrity of infrastructure. It would be prudent to consider this effect in the design and construction phase of the project.
Redevelopment and regularizing of informal settlements Formation of community fire volunteers.
Need for international assistance to Introduce Resilient Infrastructure and Fortified Homes
Enforcement of fire safety regulations
Public education on fire safety
Provision of fire hydrants at various strategic locations in the country
The Economic and Human Losses of Fire Outbreaks in Ghana, In the last decade. Fires have occurred in Ghanaian government agencies, market sites, Each year, there is an increase in the number and severity of fire outbreaks. According to the GNFS, Ghana
Recorded 1,986 fire outbreaks in 2006, In the first quarter of 2013, approximately 2,201 fire outbreaks were reported leading to an estimated US $8 million loss in property damage.
The number had increased to a total of 4,171 cases by the end of 2013 with at least
65 deaths. Between January and September 2016, the country further lost
Approximately US $21 million in property damage (Peacefmonline.com, 2016), a 50% increase From the total cost of items damaged in 2015. In the first quarter of 2016, the GNFS reported the Ashanti region as the region with the highest reported cases of fire incidences (Anane, 2016). This Clearly indicates an increase in the incidence of fire each year.
In 2009, portions of the ministry of foreign affairs, the government agency responsible
Administratively and executively for the initiation, formulation, co-ordination, and management of Ghana’s Foreign Policy, burned down (ghanaweb.com, 2016)