Articles And Publications


Disaster Mitigation Saves ¢6 for Every ¢1 Spent: Then why is Ghana not investing more?

July 12, 2018

By Victor K. A. Foli

Themes: Infrastructure Projects | Flood-Prepared Communities | Disaster Mitigation


Every ¢1 Invest in Disaster Mitigation Saves ¢6. Spending to reduce risk saves lives and creates jobs, key study finds.


Ghana should have a National dialogue to discuss how many houses are built in wet lands or floodplain zones. The question keeps arises why a Government agency like town and country planners division under each Districts and Municipal Assembly's allows this erroneous situation to occur to the perils of human precious life's and hard property development investment.

Many housing councils studies I chanced on have reported an obvious fact that houses elevated above  floodplain zones will largely spared damage from disasters while the non-elevated ones will always ustained flood damage. Following many study accross the world also confirms $6 saved for every dollar invested in mitigation activities to reduce risk and disaster losses.


Ghana loses U.S. $200 million annually due to floods and droughts SOURCE(S):  GHANA NEWS AGENCY (GNA))


It is clear that the nation must do more to better protect our communities from natural disasters. One way to do that is by anticipating the threats and acting in advance to reduce risk and limit losses. These are investments with proven returns. Today, the National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) released a finding that every $1 invested in disaster mitigation by three federal agencies saves society $6. The report highlights significant savings from mitigation in terms of safety, property protection, and continuity when communities are struck by flooding, climate change, earthquakes, or wildfires. [Online Sources].


I was able to conduct global best practices through my research analyzed Program for this article publication. In the case of flood, the savings are a $7-to-$1 benefit for proactive mitigation steps such as acquiring or demolishing flood-prone buildings.

The report also found a $4-to-$1 benefit when construction exceeds the International Code Council’s 2015 model building codes, which provide a significant level of safety but do not save as much as going beyond code. Such investments in “code-plus” mitigation include elevating a home above the level required by the ICC to reduce flood risk.

My article fuse many report data to make a valid case for Ghana and hope duty bearers can give me their listening ear to learn from these findings to make better decisions about when and how to spend money on the types of event that climate change is exacerbating.


 Researchers in this field state that

“If you’re not open to looking at new data that is validated, then you very much may not accept what is going on here,” I believe the cost savings from mitigation programs “is not something that we dreamed up. These are fact-based numbers that are gathered through government agencies.”


In the coming months, DRNGhana will further research the benefits of reducing natural disaster risk to water, energy and infrastructure. We will determine part to be an Advocacy for a fact-based Inclusive measurable outcome. We hope to aggregate our findings on a range of mitigation strategies and provide one cost-benefit ratio that shows the overall advantage of Ghana investing in mitigation.


Nicholas Maulepe heads and directs DRNGhana flood resilience prepared communities initiative.


Online Social Media Publication

Resilience Journey Series

Tags&Themes: Flood Resilience, Disaster Risk Reduction, Community Resilience, Disaster Management, Climate Change Adaptation and Management.


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13 October 2020

Policy Proposal Presentation on Ghana's compliance with UNDRR SENDAI Framework over period 2020 - 2030.

Submission Date: 13 October 2020

To Ghana's Parliamentary Policy Review Committee under The Interior Committee for the Ministry of Interior.

Policy Sponsor : Disaster Resilience Network Ghana DRNGhana.


Download Policy Proposal Briefing [PDF]